Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, 1884 - 1962

portrait of Eleanor Roosevelt
1898 school portrait
Eleanor Roosevelt signature

Born: 11 October 1884, New York City
Died: 7 November 1962, New York City

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was born at New York City on this day in 1884. When she was eight her mother died and her father was confined in a sanitarium and died two years later. She was tutored at home and, at 15, sent to Allenswood Academy outside London. In 1903 she was engaged to a fifth cousin, Franklin and married him in 1905. Although her relationship with her uncle Theodore was always positive, her marriage into the "Hyde Park" Roosevelts put her at odd with most of her own family, the "Oyster Bay" Roosevelts. After FDR contracted polio in 1921, Eleanor began to move confidently in New York state Democratic circles, initially representing her husband but developing her own public stature. She was the most active and public first lady, holding weekly news conferences and writing a weekly column. She traveled widely, representing the administration with those most affected by the Depression, and served hot dogs to King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in 1939. During the war she visited wounded soldiers, including in the south Pacific and was active in support of women and blacks serving in the war effort. She was US delegate to the United Nations from 1947-1952, and remained public and vocal, serving as a trustee of Brandeis University and Chaired the Presidential Commission on the Status of Women. She received 48 honorary degrees.

Biography from Wikipedia and the FDR Library

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