Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, 1800 - 1859

portrait of Thomas Babington Macaulay
Oil on canvas by John Partridge
Thomas Babington Macaulay signature
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Born: 25 October 1800, Rothley Temple, Leicestershire, England
Died: 29 December 1859, London, England

Babington was a noted child prodigy, at age eight he had written Compendium of Universal History which covered events from the creation to 1800 and The Battle of Cheviot, a romance à la Sir Walter Scott. He was educated at a private school at Hertfordshire then attended Trinity College, Cambridge. He won several awards for poetry while at Cambridge, including the Chancellor's Gold Medal in 1821. He was called to the bar in 1825 but used his legal skills in politics rather than the courts. He was a member of parliament for some fifteen years, serving three different ridings on four different occasions, making a number of eloquent speeches in favor of governmental reform and against slavery. He held several government offices at home, sat on the Supreme Council of India for four years, and was instrumental in forming the colonial government there. His five-volume History of England is regarded as one of the finest historical works of that scale. While choosing subjects for artwork to be painted in the Palace of Westminster he saw the need to collect an authoritative set of portraits of historical personalities and became one of the founders of the National Portrait Museum. He was created Baron Macaulay in 1857, the first and last to hold that title.

Biography from Wikipedia and NNDB

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