Pierre-Auguste Renoir, 1841 - 1919

portrait of Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Self portrait (1910)

Born: 25 February 1841, Limoges, Haute-Vienne, France
Died: 3 December 1919, Cagnes-sur-Mer, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France

Renoir was apprenticed to a porcelain factory at thirteen where he painted floral designs on plates, then worked painting cloth panels of religious scenes used by missionaries in their churches, normally spending his lunch hour at the Louvre. In 1862 he started evening courses at the École des Beaux-Arts and studied with Charles Gleyre in his studio. Three new students arrived at the studio a few months later: Alfred Sisley, Claude Monet, and Frédéric Bazille. The four started working in a new direction and often met with Paul Cézanne and Camille Pissarro, forming the group which mounted the original Impressionist exposition in 1874. By 1890 he had moved somewhat toward Classicism from the core of Impressionism, reintroducing black and focusing more on line. About 1892 he began suffering from rheumatoid arthritis which made it painful paint, moving to the south of France apparently helped. He persisted in pain, although there is no basis for the idea that his brushes were strapped to his hand; he could hold but no pick them up. He also directed the work of a young sculptor, Richard Guino, to create his last sculptures. He was taken to the Louvre one last time after the state had acquired and hung his Portrait of Mme Georges Charpentier there, friends wheeled him past the works of the masters he had spent his lunchtime to study six decades before, he died at home a few months later.

Biography from Wikipedia and Biography.com

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