Oliver Cromwell, 1599 - 1658

portrait of Oliver Cromwell
Oil on canvas by Samuel Cooper, (1656)
Oliver Cromwell signature
5247

Born: 25 April 1599, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, England
Died: 3 September 1658, Whitehall, London, England

Cromwell was educated at Huntingdon Grammar School and Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, he returned home to marry and served a term in Parliament before a conflict with the gentry forced him to leave town, and apparently led to his turning to a more radical puritanism. He returned ten years later (now representing Cambridge), then became second in command of the Model Army, the force of Parliament against King Charles. After the trial and execution of the King, Cromwell was influential in the establishment of a republic called the Commonwealth of England. After leading a brutal campaign against Catholics and Royalists in Ireland, and another in Scotland, he dissolved Parliament and ruled England as monarch, although he styled himself Lord Protector of the Realm. During the five years of the Protectorate Cromwell maintained power with the support of the Army, and dissolved another Parliament. Within two years of his death, the monarchy was restored in the person of Charles II and Cromwell's body was removed from Westminster Abbey and hung on the gallows.

Biography from Wikipedia and Spartacus Educational

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