John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron Keynes, 1883 - 1946

portrait of John Maynard Keynes
TIME magazine cover (31 December 1965)
John Maynard Keynes signature

Born: 5 June 1883, Cambridge, England, UK
Died: 21 April 1946, Firle, East Sussex, England, UK

Keynes' family was well-to-do and academic; his father was an economist and philosopher, his mother was the first female mayor of the town. He thrived at Eton and at Cambridge University. He joined the India Office where he worked on a dissertation, often during office hours, which earned him a fellowship at King's College. In 1908 he quit the civil service and returned to Cambridge. At the start of World War I he joined the treasury, afterward criticized the penalties against Germany in The Economic Consequences of Peace, a book that sold well and gave him an international reputation. Between the wars he invested successfully for himself and strengthened the finances of King's College, of which he was bursar. In 1925 he married a young Russian ballerina, Lydia Lopokova, attracting some censure over their age and academic differences including from his friends, and in spite of the fact that most of his previous relationships had been with men. In 1936 he published The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money which became the standard of economic theory and made him Britain's most-influential economist. He rejoined the treasure at the start of the second world war, was created Baron and seated in the House of Lords, and he was a key player in the Bretton Woods Conference that created the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, essentially establishing the international standards for the international monetary system. His health was failing at the time of the conference and he died just weeks after the conference but his work, known as Keynesian economics, was the benchmark for policy for another three decades.

Biography from Wikipedia and the BBC

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